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6. First aid and accidents

What everyone should know

  • Where the first aid kit is located, what it contains and how to administer first aid in case of an accident.
  • How to contact the emergency service.
  • Where the defibrillator (AED) is located and how to use it.

First aid for severely injured or unconscious casualities

Check the casualty using the D-ABC method.

D: Danger

Assess your own safety and that of the casualty.

A: Airway

Open the airway. Is the casualty breathing? If not, begin artificial respiration immediately using the mouth-to-mouth method.

B: Bleeding

Stop any bleeding by applying pressure and raising the injured part of the body.

C: Circulatory Shock

Prevent shock by carrying out the above steps. Shock is a life-threatening condition.

 

When you have checked for the above, place the person in the recovery position (semi-prone position). Monitor the person as changes in condition may occur quickly.

Call emergency service (SOS Alarm), if this has not already been done. Dial 112 (if you are calling from an internal phone, dial 0 in order to secure an external line) and ask for an ambulance.

The casualty should be accompanied to the hospital by someone who can explain the circumstances of the accident.

Defibrillators

Locate your closest defibrillator on the map. Everyone should be able to use the defibrillator, no special training is required. The defibrillator has clear pictures showing you how to put the pads and it gives you instructions (in English) regarding if a shock is recommended and/or if you should do cardiopulmonary resuscitation (CPR). The SAM 500P also gives you additional instructions regarding the CPR, for example "press harder", "press slower", "press faster" and the desirable "good compressions".

Using the defibrillator

Below you find a video showing you how the defibrillator should be used. This is an American video, in Sweden the emergency number is 112.