lu.se

Kemicentrum

Lunds universitet

Denna sida på svenska This page in English

6. First aid and accidents

What everyone should know

Where the first aid kit is located, what it contains and how to administer first aid in case of an accident.

How to contact the emergency service.

First aid for severely injured or unconscious casualities

Check the casualty using the D-ABC method.

D: Danger
Assess your own safety and that of the casualty.

A: Airway
Open the airway. Is the casualty breathing? If not, begin artificial respiration immediately using the mouth-to-mouth method.

B: Bleeding
Stop any bleeding by applying pressure and raising the injured part of the body.

C: Circulatory Shock
Prevent shock by carrying out the above steps. Shock is a life-threatening condition.

When you have checked for the above, place the person in the recovery position (semi-prone position). Monitor the person as changes in condition may occur quickly.

Call emergency service (SOS Alarm), if this has not already been done. Dial 112 (if you are calling from an internal phone, dial 0 in order to secure an external line) and ask for an ambulance.

The casualty should be accompanied to the hospital by someone who can explain the circumstances of the accident.

Locate your closest defibrillator on the map. Click on the defibrillator symbols on the map to view photo of location. Floor -1, Entrance E. Getingevägen 60 Floor +4, House III in Staircase Floor 0, Building II. Near KC:A and Entrance A Floor 0, Building I (far) East. Near Entrance C Floor 0, Building I East. Outside Information Desk Floor 0, House I West. Outside CAS Coffee Room Floor -1, Building V. Near Entrance G1 and Corridor to Building I West Floor 3, Building 2. Southern staircase Everyone should be able to use the defibrillator, no special training is required. The defibrillator has clear pictures showing you how to put the pads and it gives you instructions (in English) regarding if a shock is recommended and/or if you should do cardiopulmonary resuscitation (CPR). The SAM 500P also gives you additional instructions regarding the CPR, for example “press harder”, “press slower”, “press faster” and the desirable “good compressions”. Below you find a video showing you how the defibrillator should be used. This is an American video, in Sweden the emergency number is 112.